Identification of a novel mutation in the dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase gene in a patient with a lethal outcome following 5-fluorouracil administration and the determination of its frequency in a population of 500 patients with colorectal carcinoma

Clin Biochem. 2007 Jan;40(1-2):11-7. doi: 10.1016/j.clinbiochem.2006.07.012. Epub 2006 Sep 1.


Objectives: Life-threatening toxic side-effects following 5-FU exposure have been related to deficiency of dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD), the rate-limiting enzyme in its catabolism. We presently report a new DPYD gene SNP in a Spanish woman who died from multivisceral 5-FU-induced toxicity.

Design and methods: We looked for 22 known SNPs by Pyrosequecing. Then, we sequenced the whole 23 exons of DPYD, along with adjacent intronic sequences. PCR was carried out to determine whether or not exons were deleted in the DPYD. To determine whether the predicted stop codon indeed resulted in a truncated protein, a bacterial expression vector was employed to generate the predicted protein. 500 patients were genotyped to determine allele frequency.

Results: A novel mutation 464 T>A was identified in DPYD gene exon 5, resulting in the replacement of leucine 155 by a stop codon in the protein. We confirmed this mutation by Pyrosequencing and its involvement by a protein truncation test. We genotyped the patient's family and the allele frequency was 0.2%.

Conclusion: The involvement of this variant in 5-FU life-threatening toxicity supports its inclusion in pretherapeutic genetic screening.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenine
  • Aged
  • Alleles
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / genetics*
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • DNA, Complementary / genetics
  • Dihydrouracil Dehydrogenase (NADP) / genetics*
  • Exons / genetics
  • Fatal Outcome
  • Female
  • Fluorouracil / administration & dosage*
  • Fluorouracil / blood
  • Fluorouracil / pharmacology*
  • Gene Frequency*
  • Humans
  • Introns / genetics
  • Mutation / genetics*
  • Pedigree
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide / genetics
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Thymine
  • Uracil / analogs & derivatives
  • Uracil / blood


  • DNA, Complementary
  • dihydrouracil
  • Uracil
  • Dihydrouracil Dehydrogenase (NADP)
  • Adenine
  • Thymine
  • Fluorouracil