A modified Japan Integrated Stage score for prognostic assessment in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma

J Gastroenterol. 2006 Sep;41(9):884-92. doi: 10.1007/s00535-006-1878-y.


Background: For patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the selection of effective therapeutic options depends on a reliable prognostic assessment of both the tumor characteristics and liver impairment. This study sought to provide a modified Japan Integrated Stage (m-JIS) score to predict more accurately the survival of patients with HCC.

Methods: We analyzed the records of 42,269 patients diagnosed with HCC that were registered between 1992 and 1999 in a nationwide Japanese database. The m-JIS score was calculated from the tumor-node-metastasis stage and the grade of liver damage as defined by the Liver Cancer Study Group of Japan. The predictive accuracy for patient survival based on the m-JIS score was compared with that determined by the modified Cancer of the Liver Italian Program (m-CLIP) score using the cross-validation method.

Results: Patients were divided randomly into two groups, a training sample for construction of prediction models (n = 21,127 patients with 8,458 deaths) and a validation sample for assessment of those prediction models (n = 21,142 patients with 8,434 deaths). Both the m-JIS score and the m-CLIP score showed good discriminatory ability in the training sample. In the validation sample, the residuals of prediction based on the m-JIS score were smaller than those of the m-CLIP score (P < 0.0001).

Conclusions: The m-JIS scoring system had better predictive accuracy than the m-CLIP score system for survival of Japanese patients with HCC.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / mortality
  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / pathology*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Japan / epidemiology
  • Liver Neoplasms / mortality
  • Liver Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Prospective Studies
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Survival Rate / trends