Parents' perception of the quality of life of preschool children at risk or having developmental disabilities

Qual Life Res. 2006 Sep;15(7):1133-41. doi: 10.1007/s11136-006-0067-z. Epub 2006 Sep 18.

Abstract

Despite increased concern for the health related quality of life (HRQOL) of people with disabilities, little is known about the HRQOL of children with developmental disabilities. The present study aimed to explore the HRQOL of children who were at risk or having developmental disabilities in Hong Kong. Using the parent-reported Chinese Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL), the HRQOL of 173 children (2-4 years) with signs of delays in development was contrasted with that of 132 children with typical development. We found that those who exhibited high risk of developing a developmental disability had significantly lower overall well-being (76.3 +/- 13.7 vs. 84.2 +/- 11.3; p<0.001) and psychosocial health (71.3 +/- 15.6 vs. 82.5 +/- 12.9; p<0.001) but not necessarily physical health. The findings are consistent with previous findings in children with different disabilities and chronic illnesses. They suggest children at risk or having DDs need help in restoring their quality of life up to the standard experienced by their healthy peers, particular in psychosocial aspects such as social functioning, emotion functioning, and school functioning.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Child, Preschool
  • Developmental Disabilities*
  • Female
  • Health Status
  • Hong Kong
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Parents / psychology*
  • Quality of Life*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires