Rapid heterologous desensitization of antinociceptive activity between mu or delta opioid receptors and chemokine receptors in rats

Drug Alcohol Depend. 2007 Apr 17;88(1):36-41. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2006.09.010. Epub 2006 Oct 17.


Previous studies have shown pretreatment with chemokines CCL5/RANTES (100 ng) or CXCL12/SDF-1alpha (100 ng) injected into the periaqueductal grey (PAG) region of the brain, 30 min before the mu opioid agonist DAMGO (400 ng), blocked the antinociception induced by DAMGO in the in vivo cold water tail-flick (CWT) antinociceptive test in rats. In the present experiments, we tested whether the action of other agonists at mu and delta opioid receptors is blocked when CCL5/RANTES or CXCL12/SDF-1alpha is administered into the PAG 30 min before, or co-administered with, opioid agonists in the CWT assay. The results showed that: (1) CXCL12/SDF-1alpha (100 ng, PAG) or CCL5/RANTES (100 ng, PAG), given 30 min before the opioid agonist morphine, or selective delta opioid receptor agonist DPDPE, blocked the antinociceptive effect of these drugs; (2) CXCL12/SDF-1alpha (100 ng, PAG) or CCL5/RANTES (100 ng, PAG), injected at the same time as DAMGO or DPDPE, significantly reduced the antinociceptive effect induced by these drugs. These results demonstrate that the heterologous desensitization is rapid between the mu or delta opioid receptors and either CCL5/RANTES receptor CCR5 or CXCL12/SDF-1alpha receptor CXCR4 in vivo, but the effect is greater if the chemokine is administered before the opioid.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Analgesics, Opioid / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Chemokine CCL5
  • Enkephalin, D-Penicillamine (2,5)- / pharmacology*
  • Male
  • Morphine / pharmacology
  • Pain / drug therapy*
  • Pain Measurement / drug effects*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Receptors, Chemokine / drug effects*
  • Receptors, Opioid, delta / drug effects*
  • Receptors, Opioid, mu / drug effects*


  • Analgesics, Opioid
  • Chemokine CCL5
  • Receptors, Chemokine
  • Receptors, Opioid, delta
  • Receptors, Opioid, mu
  • Morphine
  • Enkephalin, D-Penicillamine (2,5)-