Aim: Dyslipidemia is common among patients with end-stage renal disease, whether treated by hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis (PD). However, there are not enough data about the effect of dialysis type on serum lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)], apolipoprotein (a) [Apo(a)], apolipoprotein (b) [Apo(b)], and lipid levels. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of dialysis type on serum lipid levels.
Materials and methods: This study enrolled 40 HD patients (20 men and 20 women, aged 48.1 +/- 17.6 years) and 69 PD patients (35 men and 34 women, aged 45.2 +/- 16.3 years). Serum lipid profile including total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein (HDL-C), triglyceride (TG), Apo(a), Apo(b), and Lp(a) were determined in HD and PD patients. Patients who have used statins within the last six months were not included in the study.
Results: No significant differences in TC, LDL-C, HDL-C, TG, Apo(a), Apo(b), or Lp(a) serum levels were found between HD and PD patients. Serum TC, LDL-C, HDL-C, TG, Apo(a), Apo(b), and Lp(a) in HD and PD patients were 172.2 +/- 42.7 (mg/dL) vs. 181.0 +/- 53.0 (mg/dL), 97.2 +/- 36.2 (mg/dL) vs. 101.4 +/- 33.6 (mg/dL), 45.3 +/- 11.9 (mg/dL) vs. 41.4 +/- 11.1 (mg/dL), 144.7 +/- 71.8 (mg/dL) vs. 173.0 +/- 76.8 (mg/dL), 1.2 +/- 0.5 (g/L) vs. 1.0 +/- 0.2 (g/L), 0.9 +/- 0.3 (g/L) vs. 1.2 +/- 0.3 (g/L), and 43.1 +/- 40.6 (mg/dL) vs. 46.0 +/- 42.7 (mg/dL), respectively.
Conclusion: The results of this study show that the maintenance CAPD treatment is associated with more pronounced alterations of the lipoproteins and lipid metabolism than those observed during HD treatment.