Lentiviral vectors targeting WASp expression to hematopoietic cells, efficiently transduce and correct cells from WAS patients

Gene Ther. 2007 Mar;14(5):415-28. doi: 10.1038/sj.gt.3302863. Epub 2006 Oct 19.


Gene therapy has been proposed as a potential treatment for Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS), a severe primary immune deficiency characterized by multiple hematopoietic-specific cellular defects. In order to develop an optimal lentiviral gene transfer cassette for this application, we compared the performance of several internal promoters in a variety of cell lineages from human WAS patients. Vectors using endogenous promoters derived from short (0.5 kb) or long (1.6 kb) 5' flanking sequences of the WAS gene, expressed the transgene in T, B, dendritic cells as well as CD34(+) progenitor cells, but functioned poorly in non-hematopoietic cells. Defects of T-cell proliferation and interleukin-2 production, and the cytoskeletal anomalies in WAS dendritic cells were also corrected. The levels of reconstitution were comparable to those obtained following transduction with similar lentiviral vectors incorporating constitutive PGK-1, EF1-alpha promoters or the spleen focus forming virus gammaretroviral LTR. Thus, native regulatory sequences target the expression of the therapeutic WAS transgene to the hematopoietic system, as is naturally the case for WAS, and are effective for correction of multiple cellular defects. These vectors may have significant advantages for clinical application in terms of natural gene regulation, and reduction in the potential for adverse mutagenic events.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antigens, CD34 / immunology
  • B-Lymphocytes / metabolism
  • Base Sequence
  • Blotting, Western / methods
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Dendritic Cells / metabolism
  • Gene Expression
  • Gene Targeting / methods
  • Genetic Therapy / methods*
  • Genetic Vectors / administration & dosage
  • Genetic Vectors / genetics
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells / immunology
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Interleukin-2 / immunology
  • Lentivirus / genetics*
  • Microscopy, Fluorescence
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic / genetics
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • T-Lymphocytes / cytology
  • T-Lymphocytes / immunology
  • T-Lymphocytes / metabolism
  • Transduction, Genetic / methods*
  • Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome / metabolism
  • Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome / therapy*
  • Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein / analysis
  • Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein / genetics
  • Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein / metabolism*


  • Antigens, CD34
  • Interleukin-2
  • Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein

Associated data

  • GENBANK/Y16094