Hepatocellular transport of cyclosomatostatins: evidence for a carrier system related to the multispecific bile acid transporter

Biochim Biophys Acta. 1991 Jan 30;1061(2):287-96. doi: 10.1016/0005-2736(91)90294-i.


The uptake of the cyclopeptide c(Phe-Thr-Lys-Trp-Phe-D-Pro) (008), an analog of somatostatin with retro sequence, was studied in isolated hepatocytes. 008 is taken up by hepatocytes in a concentration-, time-, energy- and temperature- dependent manner. Since 008 is hydrophobic, it binds rapidly to liver cells. This is evident by the positive intercept at the gamma-axis in the uptake curves. At higher concentrations, a minor part of the transport occurs by diffusion at a rate of 8.307.10(-6) cm/s. This part of diffusion is measured at 4 degrees C and can be subtracted from the uptake at 37 degrees C resulting in the carrier mediated part of uptake which is saturable. Kinetic parameters for the saturable part of uptake are Km 1.5 microM and Vmax 40.0 pmol/mg per min. The transport is decreased in the absence of oxygen and in the presence of metabolic inhibitors. Uptake is accelerated at temperatures above 20 degrees C. The activation energy was determined to be 30.77 kJ/mol. The membrane potential and not a sodium gradient is the main driving force for 008 transport. Cholate (a typical substrate of the multispecific bile acid transporter) and taurocholate are mutual competitive inhibitors of 008 uptake. Phalloidin, antamanide and iodipamide, typical foreign substrates of the transporter, interfere with the uptake of 008. AS 30D ascites hepatoma cells, known to be unable to transport bile acids, phalloidin and iodipamide, are also unfit to transport 008. Interestingly, sulfobromophthalein (BSP) but not rifampicin, both foreign substrates of the bilirubin carrier, inhibits the transport of 008 in a competitive manner.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bile Acids and Salts / metabolism*
  • Binding, Competitive
  • Biological Transport
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Gramicidin / pharmacology
  • Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenases*
  • Liver / drug effects
  • Liver / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Membrane Glycoproteins*
  • Membrane Potentials
  • Monensin / pharmacology
  • Nigericin / pharmacology
  • Peptides, Cyclic / pharmacokinetics*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Sodium / metabolism
  • Valinomycin / pharmacology


  • Bile Acids and Salts
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Peptides, Cyclic
  • bile acid binding proteins
  • cyclosomatostatin
  • Gramicidin
  • Valinomycin
  • Monensin
  • Sodium
  • Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenases
  • AKR1C2 protein, human
  • Nigericin