Insights learned from L457(3.43)R, an activating mutant of the human lutropin receptor

Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2007 Jan 2;260-262:287-93. doi: 10.1016/j.mce.2005.11.053. Epub 2006 Oct 18.

Abstract

The L457(3.43)R mutation of the hLHR was initially identified in a Brazilian boy with gonadotropin-independent precocious puberty. As would be expected, L457(3.43)R, when expressed in 293 cells, caused a marked elevation in basal cAMP levels. Interestingly, in spite of the fact that the elevated basal levels of cAMP elicited by L457R were not as great as those elicited by the wild-type hLHR when stimulated with hCG, L457(3.43)R cells were unresponsive to further hormonal stimulation. We have since determined that the L457(3.43)R mutant, as well as other constitutively active mutants of the hLHR, causes an increase in phosphodiesterase activity that attenuates the target cell to hormonal stimulation of the wild-type hLHR or other Gs-coupled GPCRs. We have also shown that the constitutive activity and lack of hormonal responsiveness of L457(3.43)R are due to the formation of a salt bridge between the introduced arginine in the mid portion of helix 3 with D578(6.44) in the mid portion of helix 6. The formation of this salt bridge results in the disruption of interactions between the cytoplasmic ends of helices 3 and 6 that are associated in general with activation of the hLHR. As such, this mutant has provided novel insights into the properties of target cells expressing activating hLHR mutants and into the structural basis for hLHR activation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arginine / genetics*
  • Cyclic AMP / biosynthesis
  • Humans
  • Leucine / genetics*
  • Mutant Proteins / chemistry
  • Mutant Proteins / genetics
  • Mutant Proteins / metabolism*
  • Puberty, Precocious
  • Receptors, LH / chemistry
  • Receptors, LH / genetics*
  • Receptors, LH / metabolism*

Substances

  • Mutant Proteins
  • Receptors, LH
  • Arginine
  • Cyclic AMP
  • Leucine