Sound conditioning protects hearing by activating the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis

Neurobiol Dis. 2007 Jan;25(1):189-97. doi: 10.1016/j.nbd.2006.09.004. Epub 2006 Oct 23.

Abstract

Sound conditioning primes the auditory system to low levels of acoustic stimuli and reduces damage caused by a subsequent acoustic trauma. This priming activates the HPA axis resulting in the elevation of plasma corticosterone with a consequent upregulation of glucocorticoid receptors (GR) in the cochlea and the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus in the mouse. This protective effect is blocked by adrenalectomy or pharmacological treatment with RU486 + metyrapone. Sound conditioning prevents GR down-regulation induced by acoustic trauma and subsequently enhances GR activity in spiral ganglion neurons. Increased SRC-1 expression, triggered by sound conditioning, positively correlates with the upregulation of GR in the cochlea. These findings will help to define the cellular mechanisms responsible for protecting the auditory system from hearing loss by sound conditioning.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acoustic Stimulation*
  • Adrenalectomy
  • Adrenocorticotropic Hormone / blood
  • Animals
  • Blotting, Western
  • Cochlea / physiopathology
  • Conditioning, Psychological / physiology*
  • Corticosterone / blood
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem / physiology
  • Glucocorticoids / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Glucocorticoids / physiology
  • Hearing / physiology*
  • Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced / physiopathology*
  • Histone Acetyltransferases / biosynthesis
  • Histone Acetyltransferases / genetics
  • Hormone Antagonists / pharmacology
  • Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System / physiology*
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Male
  • Metyrapone / pharmacology
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred CBA
  • Neurons / metabolism
  • Nuclear Receptor Coactivator 1
  • Paraventricular Hypothalamic Nucleus / cytology
  • Paraventricular Hypothalamic Nucleus / metabolism
  • Pituitary-Adrenal System / physiology*
  • Receptors, Glucocorticoid / biosynthesis
  • Signal Transduction / physiology
  • Spiral Ganglion / drug effects
  • Spiral Ganglion / pathology
  • Transcription Factors / biosynthesis
  • Transcription Factors / genetics

Substances

  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Glucocorticoids
  • Hormone Antagonists
  • Receptors, Glucocorticoid
  • Transcription Factors
  • Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
  • Histone Acetyltransferases
  • Ncoa1 protein, mouse
  • Nuclear Receptor Coactivator 1
  • Corticosterone
  • Metyrapone