Symptoms of men and women presenting with acute coronary syndromes

Am J Cardiol. 2006 Nov 1;98(9):1177-81. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2006.05.049. Epub 2006 Sep 7.


This study evaluated symptom similarities and differences between men and women presenting with acute coronary syndromes (ACSs) and determined whether differences in presentation are intrinsic to patient gender or to other factors. This study was a subgroup analysis of patients from an ACS registry. We compared differences in symptom presentation between men and women and analyzed them using binary logistic regression with all variables and 2 x 2 interactions. Patient gender was forced to remain in the models. Women comprised 35% of the 1,941 patients admitted with confirmed ACS. Men were more likely to present with chest pain, left arm pain, or diaphoresis. Nausea was more common in women. Dyspnea did not differ between groups. After binary logistic regression, gender remained a statistically significant predictor of diaphoresis and nausea, but not of chest or left arm pain. We found that differences in occurrence of chest pain and left arm pain between men and women are explainable by differences in co-morbidities and history; the higher occurrence of diaphoresis in men and of nausea in women is partly related to maleness or femaleness. In conclusion, gender should be considered when evaluating patients with symptoms of ACS.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Angina, Unstable / complications
  • Angina, Unstable / diagnosis
  • Angina, Unstable / physiopathology
  • Comorbidity
  • Coronary Disease / complications*
  • Coronary Disease / diagnosis*
  • Coronary Disease / epidemiology
  • Coronary Disease / physiopathology
  • Dyspnea / etiology
  • Female
  • Heart Conduction System / physiopathology*
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Michigan / epidemiology
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction / complications
  • Myocardial Infarction / diagnosis
  • Myocardial Infarction / physiopathology
  • Nausea / etiology
  • Pain / etiology
  • Sex Factors
  • Sweating
  • Syndrome