The relationship between safety climate and safety performance: a meta-analytic review

J Occup Health Psychol. 2006 Oct;11(4):315-27. doi: 10.1037/1076-8998.11.4.315.


The current study used meta-analysis to examine the criterion-related validity of the relationships between safety climate, safety performance (participation and compliance), and occupational accidents and injuries. Support was found for the study's hypotheses linking organizational safety climate to employee safety compliance and participation, with the latter demonstrating the stronger relationship; however, the subsequent links to accident involvement were found to be weak, suggesting limited support for a fully mediated model. The relationship between safety climate and accident involvement was found to be moderated by the study design, such that only prospective designs, in which accidents were measured following the measurement of safety climate, demonstrated validity generalization. The implications of the findings and suggestions for further research are discussed.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Review
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Accident Prevention*
  • Accidents, Occupational / prevention & control*
  • Accidents, Occupational / statistics & numerical data
  • Guideline Adherence
  • Humans
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Safety
  • Safety Management