Occurrence of ocular disease in traumatic brain injury in a selected sample: a retrospective analysis

Brain Inj. 2006 Sep;20(10):1079-86. doi: 10.1080/02699050600909904.


Primary objective: To determine retrospectively the relative risk of ocular disease in a selected, visually-symptomatic sample of clinic patients having traumatic brain injury (TBI; n=160) vs. cerebrovascular accident (CVA; n=60), with all initially presenting at the clinic with symptoms and/or signs of vision dysfunction.

Methods and procedures: To review retrospectively 220 medical records of individuals with TBI (n=160) vs. CVA (n=60), as determined by a computer-based query spanning the years 2000-2003, to ascertain the frequency of occurrence of ocular disease in the two major sub-groups of acquired brain injury.

Main outcomes and results: Conditions with high relative risk unique to TBI included corneal abrasion, blepharitis, chalazion/hordeolum, dry eye, traumatic cataract, vitreal prolapse and optic atrophy. This is distinct from those ophthalmic conditions unique to CVA, which included sub-conjunctival haemorrhage and ptosis.

Conclusion: These new findings should alert clinicians to the potential increased frequency of occurrence of specific ocular diseases in a selected, visually-symptomatic population with TBI and their associated rehabilitative and quality-of-life implications.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Brain Injuries / complications*
  • Child
  • Eye Diseases / etiology*
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Assessment
  • Stroke / complications*