The protein ERp57/GRP58 is a member of the protein disulfide isomerase family and is also a glucose-regulated protein, which, together with the other GRPs, is induced by a variety of cellular stress conditions. ERp57/GRP58 is mainly located in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), but has also been found in the cytoplasm and in the nucleus, where it can bind DNA. In order to identify a possible correlation between the stress-response and the nuclear location of ERp57/GRP58, its binding sites on DNA in HeLa cells have been searched by chromatin immunoprecipitation and cloning of the immunoprecipitated DNA fragments. Following sequencing of the cloned fragments, 10 DNA sequences have been securely identified as in vivo targets of ERp57/GRP58. Nine of them are present in the non-coding regions of identified genes, and seven of these in introns. The features of some of these DNA sequences, that is, DNase hypersensitivity, proximity of MAR regions, and homology to the non-coding regions of orthologue genes of mouse or rat, are compatible with a gene expression regulatory function. Considering the nature of the genes concerned, two of which code for DNA repair proteins, we would suggest that at least part of the mechanism of action of ERp57/GRP58 takes place through the regulation of these, and possibly other still unidentified, stress-response genes.