Characterization of two novel cholecystokinin tetrapeptide (30-33) analogues, A-71623 and A-70874, that exhibit high potency and selectivity for cholecystokinin-A receptors

Mol Pharmacol. 1991 Mar;39(3):346-51.


Based on their relative affinities for cholecystokinin octapeptide (26-33) (CCK-8), cholecystokinin tetrapeptide (30-33) (CCK-4), desulfated CCK-8, and gastrin, cholecystokinin (CCK) receptors have been classified as CCK-A (alimentary) and CCK-B (brain). Selective nonpeptide antagonists of CCK-A and CCK-B receptors, as well as highly selective CCK-A and CCK-B peptide agonists, have been described. We report here the characterization of two novel CCK-4-based peptides, A-71623 and A-70874. In radioligand binding assays, the IC50 values for A-71623 and A-70874 were 3.7 and 4.9 nM in guinea pig pancreas (CCK-A) and 4500 and 710 nM in cerebral cortex (CCK-B), respectively. Both were agonists in stimulating pancreatic amylase release, and their stimulatory effects were potently inhibited by the CCK-A antagonist L-364,718. A-71623 was a full agonist and A-70874 was a partial agonist (approximately 80%) in stimulating phosphoinositide breakdown in pancreas. Both peptides also were potent agonists in stimulating CCK-A receptors in the ileum. They were, however, weak and behaved as partial agonists in calcium studies in NCI-H345 cells, which possess CCK-B/gastrin receptors. In guinea pig gastric glands, the affinities of A-71623 and A-70874 for the CCK-B/gastrin receptor were 11 and 1.6 microM, respectively. These results demonstrate that A-71623 and A-70874 are potent and selective agonists at CCK-A receptors. The preferential interaction of these novel CCK-4 analogs with CCK-A receptors is in contrast to other CCK-4-based peptides, which are primarily selective for CCK-B receptors. In addition, A-71623 and A-70874 are the first two examples of potent CCK-A agonists that do not contain a tyrosine residue whose sulfation is required for potent CCK-A agonist activity of larger peptides.

MeSH terms

  • Amylases / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Cerebral Cortex / metabolism
  • Cholecystokinin / chemistry
  • Cholecystokinin / metabolism*
  • Guinea Pigs
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Oligopeptides / chemistry
  • Oligopeptides / metabolism
  • Pancreas / metabolism
  • Phosphatidylinositols / metabolism
  • Radioligand Assay
  • Receptors, Cholecystokinin / metabolism*
  • Secretory Rate / drug effects
  • Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Tetragastrin / analogs & derivatives*
  • Tetragastrin / metabolism


  • Oligopeptides
  • Phosphatidylinositols
  • Receptors, Cholecystokinin
  • Tetragastrin
  • A 71623
  • A 70874
  • Cholecystokinin
  • Amylases