Involvement of Syk kinase in TNF-induced nitric oxide production by airway epithelial cells

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2006 Dec 15;351(2):431-7. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2006.10.073. Epub 2006 Oct 23.

Abstract

We have recently found that Syk is widely expressed in lung epithelial cells (EC) and participates in beta1 integrin signaling. In this study, we assessed the role of Syk in regulation of NO production. Stimulation of human bronchial EC line HS-24 by TNF caused an increased expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). Inhibition of Syk using siRNA or piceatannol down-regulated the iNOS expression and reduced NO production. This effect occurred in EC simultaneously stimulated via beta1 integrins, suggesting that TNF and beta1 integrins provide co-stimulatory signals. Inhibition of Syk down-regulated TNF-induced p38 and p44/42 MAPK phosphorylation and nuclear translocation of p65 NF-kappaB. Thus, TNF-induced activation of pro-inflammatory signaling in EC leading to enhanced expression of iNOS and NO production was dependent on Syk. Syk-mediated signaling regulates NO production at least partly via activating the MAPK cascade. Understanding the role of Syk in airway EC may help in developing new therapeutic tools for inflammatory lung disorders.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bronchi / cytology
  • Bronchi / metabolism
  • Cell Line
  • Down-Regulation
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Epithelial Cells / physiology*
  • Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Integrin beta1 / metabolism
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / genetics
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / metabolism*
  • Nitric Oxide / biosynthesis*
  • Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II / metabolism
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / genetics
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism*
  • RNA, Small Interfering / genetics
  • Respiratory Mucosa / cytology
  • Respiratory Mucosa / metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction
  • Stilbenes / pharmacology
  • Syk Kinase
  • Transcription Factor RelA / metabolism
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / physiology*
  • p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases / metabolism

Substances

  • Integrin beta1
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • RNA, Small Interfering
  • Stilbenes
  • Transcription Factor RelA
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • Nitric Oxide
  • 3,3',4,5'-tetrahydroxystilbene
  • Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • SYK protein, human
  • Syk Kinase
  • Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases
  • p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases