Transmission of heteroplasmic G11778A in extensive pedigrees of Thai Leber hereditary optic neuropathy

J Hum Genet. 2006;51(12):1110-1117. doi: 10.1007/s10038-006-0073-6. Epub 2006 Oct 28.

Abstract

Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is characterized by the acute or subacute bilateral painless loss of central vision, predominantly in young males. G11778A is the most common mitochondrial DNA mutation responsible for the disease. Thirty-seven percent of our LHON pedigrees (which is a much higher prevalence than that generally found) carried heteroplasmic G11778A. Analyses of four large Thai LHON pedigrees spanning four to six generations strongly suggested that the transmission of the heteroplasmic G11778A mutation is under selective pressure in favour of the mutated allele and that heteroplasmy influences the disease expression.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Asian Continental Ancestry Group / genetics
  • DNA, Mitochondrial / blood
  • DNA, Mitochondrial / chemistry*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Optic Atrophy, Hereditary, Leber / genetics*
  • Pedigree
  • Penetrance*
  • Point Mutation*
  • Prevalence
  • Survival Analysis
  • Thailand / ethnology

Substances

  • DNA, Mitochondrial