The differential contribution of endogenous prostaglandins to the release of acetylcholine from the myenteric plexus of the guinea-pig ileum

Br J Pharmacol. 1991 Feb;102(2):381-5. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-5381.1991.tb12182.x.


1. Prostaglandin E (PGE) may be essential for maintaining the sensitivity of the myenteric plexus of guinea-pig ileum to nicotine. The contributions of prostaglandins to nervous activity evoked by different stimuli have now been investigated by measuring the amount of acetylcholine (ACh) released from the myenteric plexus of the guinea-pig ileum. 2. The amount of ACh released in response to dimethylphenylpiperazinium (DMPP) or substance P was depressed to about 40% of control by 2.8 microM indomethacin (Ind), whereas the release of ACh induced by 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) was not affected. The inhibitory effects of Ind were overcome by 14.3 nM PGE2. 3. Mepacrine 5 microM, an inhibitor of phospholipase A2, depressed the release of ACh in response to DMPP and substance P to the same extent as Ind. These inhibitory effects of mepacrine were overcome by arachidonic acid (10 microM), but not by arachidonic acid plus Ind. The release of ACh evoked by 5-HT or electrical field stimulation (EFS) was also inhibited to about 60% of control by mepacrine but these inhibitions were overcome by arachidonic acid (10 microM) either in the absence or the presence of Ind. 4. The results suggest that endogenous prostaglandins and arachidonic acid contribute to the maintenance of the excitability of the myenteric plexus by DMPP and substance P. By contrast, the release of ACh induced by 5-HT and EFS may be regulated by arachidonic acid and not by prostaglandins.

MeSH terms

  • Acetylcholine / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Arachidonic Acid
  • Arachidonic Acids / pharmacology
  • Dimethylphenylpiperazinium Iodide / pharmacology
  • Electric Stimulation
  • Guinea Pigs
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Indomethacin / pharmacology
  • Male
  • Myenteric Plexus / drug effects
  • Myenteric Plexus / metabolism*
  • Prostaglandins / physiology*
  • Quinacrine / pharmacology
  • Serotonin / pharmacology
  • Substance P / pharmacology


  • Arachidonic Acids
  • Prostaglandins
  • Arachidonic Acid
  • Serotonin
  • Substance P
  • Dimethylphenylpiperazinium Iodide
  • Quinacrine
  • Acetylcholine
  • Indomethacin