Technique for preparation of the corneal endothelium-Descemet membrane complex for transplantation

Cornea. 2006 Jul;25(6):705-8. doi: 10.1097/01.ico.0000214229.21238.eb.

Abstract

Purpose: Replacing diseased corneal endothelium with a preparation of Descemet membrane carrying functional endothelium and no stroma may be a feasible method for treating corneal endothelial decompensation. To obtain a viable donor of a Descemet membrane endothelium disc, we modified the Descemet membrane stripping technique and monitored the percentage of endothelial damage to the donor tissue preparation.

Methods: Forty-eight human corneas were used. Cornea buttons were mounted on an artificial anterior chamber, endothelial side up. Endothelia were stained with alizarin red, examined under the microscope, and photographed at 5 different sites (microscope, x100; digital magnification, x2.83). A 6 x 7-mm rectangular piece of endothelium-Descemet membrane complex was obtained using a Grieshaber microsurgical knife and Kelman-McPherson forceps. Digital photographs of endothelia were analyzed with a computer, and the percentage of endothelial damage was calculated. Specimens were processed for hematoxylin-eosin staining.

Results: Forty of 48 endothelium-Descemet membrane preparations (83.3%) were complete peels with minimal endothelial damage. Endothelial damage before and after the surgery was 1.57 +/- 2.11% and 2.61 +/- 1.77%, respectively. Eight preparations (16.7%) failed because of tearing. Multiple hematoxylin-eosin-stained sections showed the presence of endothelium with intact Descemet membrane and no stromal tissue.

Conclusion: We modified the technique of Melles and obtained a sheet of Descemet membrane and endothelium with minimal endothelial damage and with no remaining stroma observed. This simple technique can be used to obtain the endothelium-Descemet membrane complex in minutes. It may be useful for corneal endothelium transplantation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Anthraquinones
  • Corneal Transplantation*
  • Descemet Membrane*
  • Endothelium, Corneal / pathology
  • Endothelium, Corneal / transplantation*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures
  • Organ Preservation
  • Staining and Labeling / methods
  • Tissue and Organ Harvesting / methods*

Substances

  • Anthraquinones
  • alizarin