Structural requirements for a successful chronic peritoneal dialysis program

Kidney Int Suppl. 2006 Nov;(103):S118-21. doi: 10.1038/


Recently, there has been a decline in chronic peritoneal dialysis (CPD) utilization in several countries. And, in these countries, the percent of patients with end-sage renal disease maintained on CPD is less than nephrologists think is appropriate. The reasons for these problems are uncertain, but it is likely that difficulties with the structural organization of CPD facilities play a contributory role. This paper discusses the structural requirements for a successful CPD program, focusing attention on the following domains: (1) adequate chronic kidney disease education, (2) provision and support of physician training in the principles and practice of CPD, (3) adequate size and organization of CPD centers, (4) development of appropriate support systems within the CPD facility, and (5) development of appropriate continuous quality improvement programs to monitor a variety of domains, including adequacy of dialysis, peritonitis rates, catheter infections and problems, psychosocial status of patients, etc.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Hemodialysis Units, Hospital / organization & administration*
  • Humans
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / therapy*
  • Nephrology / education
  • Nephrology / organization & administration*
  • Peritoneal Dialysis*
  • Program Development