The expression of the mouse Cyp family and key inflammatory mediators were examined in a model of ovalbumin (OVA)-induced allergic airway disease. The expression of IL-4, IL-13 and Ccl11 increased during the acute phase of allergic inflammation and decreased with its resolution. Interestingly, the expression of Ccl20 was increased during the resolution phase. The response of the Cyp gene family to the development of allergic inflammation was differential and correlated with the evolution of the inflammatory response. During the acute inflammatory phase the mRNA levels of Cyp2e1, Cyp2f2, Cyp2j6, Cyp4b1, Cyp8a1 and Cypor were decreased while the mRNA levels of Cyp4f18, Cyp5a1 and Cyp7b1 were elevated. With resolution of the inflammation the expression patterns returned to normal. These changes suggest that the Cyp family may play a role in the allergic inflammation by modulating the metabolism of xenobiotics and endogenous compounds such as LTB4, TXA1, PGI2 and native anti-glucocorticoids.