Comparison of ACE activity in amphibian tissues: Rana esculenta and Xenopus laevis

Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol. 2007 Jan;146(1):119-23. doi: 10.1016/j.cbpa.2006.09.016. Epub 2006 Oct 3.


Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) is the dipeptidyl-carboxypeptidase of the renin-angiotensin system involved in the control of blood pressure and hydromineral metabolism. It converts angiotensin I to angiotensin II, the biologically active octapeptide. Angiotensin converting enzyme-like activity has been demonstrated in a wide range of vertebrates. The presence of ACE was investigated in tissues of two amphibian species, the frog Rana esculenta and the toad Xenopus laevis. ACE activities were determined by specific substrate hydrolysis in gut, gonads, lung, kidney, heart, liver, skin, erythrocytes, and muscle homogenates and plasma by means of high performance liquid chromatography. Significant ACE activity was found in gut, gonads, lung and kidney, while that in heart, liver, skin, erythrocytes, muscle, and plasma was very low. Testis of toad contained the highest ACE activity, while that in erythrocytes of male and female frogs was notable.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Female
  • Gonads / enzymology
  • Intestines / enzymology
  • Kidney / enzymology
  • Lung / enzymology
  • Male
  • Oligopeptides / metabolism
  • Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A / chemistry*
  • Rana esculenta / metabolism*
  • Testis / enzymology
  • Xenopus laevis / metabolism*


  • Oligopeptides
  • 2-furanacryloyl-phenylalanyl-glycyl-glycine
  • Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A