Effects of ACE inhibition and angiotensin II receptor blockade on glomerular basement membrane protein excretion and charge selectivity in type 2 diabetic patients

J Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone Syst. 2006 Jun;7(2):98-103. doi: 10.3317/jraas.2006.016.


Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors may reduce urinary albumin excretion (UAE) by decreasing glomerular pressure and increasing glomerular charge selectivity through preservation of glycosaminoglycans. The effect of Angiotensin II antagonism on glomerular charge selectivity remains to be determined. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of an AT1 blocker losartan and an ACE inhibitor (ACE-I) enalapril on UAE, extracellular matrix proteins, glycosaminoglycan excretion (UGAG) and red blood cell anionic charge (RBCCh) which are the indirect markers of glomerular basement membrane anionic content in hypertensive Type 2 diabetic patients. Twenty-four patients were randomised into two groups and received either enalapril (520 mg/d) or losartan (50100 mg/d). All parameters were measured at baseline and after six months of treatment. At the end of six months, systolic and diastolic blood pressures (BP), UAE rates, UGAG excretion and RBCCh were significantly and equally reduced in both treatment groups compared with baseline. RBCCh was negatively correlated with UAE (r=-0.57, p<0.0001) and UGAG excretion (r=-0.57, p<0.0001); UAE was correlated with UGAG excretion (r=0.58, p<0.0001). In conclusion, enalapril and losartan treatment were equally effective in reducing BP, UAE as well as UGAG excretion and preserving RBCCh in hypertensive Type 2 diabetic patients. ACE inhibition and AT1-receptor blockade may have favourable effects on preserving glomerular anionic content in hypertensive diabetic patients.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acetylglucosaminidase / metabolism
  • Acetylglucosaminidase / urine
  • Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockers / pharmacology*
  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • Collagen Type IV / metabolism
  • Collagen Type IV / urine
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / physiopathology
  • Enalapril / pharmacology*
  • Extracellular Matrix Proteins / metabolism
  • Extracellular Matrix Proteins / urine
  • Female
  • Fibronectins / metabolism
  • Fibronectins / urine
  • Glomerular Basement Membrane / drug effects*
  • Glomerular Basement Membrane / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / physiopathology
  • Losartan / pharmacology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged


  • Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockers
  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Collagen Type IV
  • Extracellular Matrix Proteins
  • Fibronectins
  • Enalapril
  • Acetylglucosaminidase
  • Losartan