TDP-43 Is a Component of Ubiquitin-Positive Tau-Negative Inclusions in Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2006 Dec 22;351(3):602-11. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2006.10.093. Epub 2006 Oct 30.

Abstract

Ubiquitin-positive tau-negative neuronal cytoplasmic inclusions and dystrophic neurites are common pathological features in frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) with or without symptoms of motor neuron disease and in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Using biochemical and immunohistochemical analyses, we have identified a TAR DNA-binding protein of 43 kDa (TDP-43), a nuclear factor that functions in regulating transcription and alternative splicing, as a component of these structures in FTLD. Furthermore, skein-like inclusions, neuronal intranuclear inclusions, and glial inclusions in the spinal cord of ALS patients are also positive for TDP-43. Dephosphorylation treatment of the sarkosyl insoluble fraction has shown that abnormal phosphorylation takes place in accumulated TDP-43. The common occurrence of intracellular accumulations of TDP-43 supports the hypothesis that these disorders represent a clinicopathological entity of a single disease, and suggests that they can be newly classified as a proteinopathy of TDP-43.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis / metabolism*
  • Brain / metabolism*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Dementia / metabolism*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Inclusion Bodies / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Tissue Distribution
  • Ubiquitin / metabolism*
  • tau Proteins / chemistry
  • tau Proteins / metabolism*

Substances

  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • MAPT protein, human
  • Ubiquitin
  • tau Proteins