Feline diabetes mellitus: low carbohydrates versus high fiber?

Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2006 Nov;36(6):1297-306, vii. doi: 10.1016/j.cvsm.2006.09.004.

Abstract

Treatment of diabetes mellitus (DM) in the cat relies primarily on the adequate insulin therapy and controlled dietary intake. The goals of managing DM in the cat have changed from attaining glycemic control to achieving diabetic remission (transient diabetes) in a large proportion of cases. Remission rates of up to 68% have been published. The used of low-carbohydrate foods for cats improves the odds of achieving diabetic remission by fourfold. Nonetheless, some cats show an improved response to high-fiber food. Clinical judgement, trial, and personal preference to currently dictate which diet to offer an individual animal.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blood Glucose / analysis
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism
  • Cat Diseases / diet therapy*
  • Cat Diseases / metabolism
  • Cats
  • Diabetes Mellitus / diet therapy
  • Diabetes Mellitus / metabolism
  • Diabetes Mellitus / veterinary*
  • Diet, Diabetic / veterinary*
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage*
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / metabolism
  • Dietary Fiber / administration & dosage*
  • Dietary Fiber / metabolism
  • Female
  • Male
  • Risk Factors

Substances

  • Blood Glucose
  • Dietary Carbohydrates
  • Dietary Fiber