Mental health prevention research is an emerging and intriguing field. Preventing mental disorders is attractive as successful prevention, as it could potentially avert both emotional suffering and illness related morbidity and mortality. Several studies have looked at preventing post-stroke depression, a common complication of stroke. In this review article, we will first provide a conceptual overview of mental health prevention research. Then, we will discuss recent research supporting the prevention of depression after stroke and the likely positive effect successful prevention may have on non-psychiatric outcomes.