alpha-Crystallin, a prominent member of small heat shock protein (sHsp) family and a major structural protein of the eye lens is a large polydisperse oligomer of two isoforms, alphaA- and alphaB-crystallins. Numerous studies have demonstrated that alpha-crystallin functions like a molecular chaperone in preventing the aggregation of various proteins under a wide range of stress conditions. The molecular chaperone function of alpha-crystallin is thus considered to be vital in the maintenance of lens transparency and in cataract prevention. alpha-Crystallin selectively interacts with non-native proteins thereby preventing them from aggregation and helps maintain them in a folding competent state. It has been proposed and generally accepted that alpha-crystallin suppresses the aggregation of other proteins through the interaction between hydrophobic patches on its surface and exposed hydrophobic sites of partially unfolded substrate protein. However, a quantifiable relationship between hydrophobicity and chaperone-like activity remains a matter to be concerned about. On an attentive review of studies on alpha-crystallin chaperone-like activity, particularly the studies that have direct or indirect implications to hydrophobicity and chaperone-like activity, we found several instances wherein the correlation between hydrophobicity and its chaperone-like activity is paradoxical. We thus attempted to provide an overview on the role of hydrophobicity in chaperone-like activity of alpha-crystallin, the kind of evaluation done for the first time.