Temporomandibular joint pain and dysfunction

Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2006 Dec;10(6):408-14. doi: 10.1007/s11916-006-0070-7.


Pain caused by temporomandibular disorders originates from either muscular or articular conditions, or both. Distinguishing the precise source of the pain is a significant diagnostic challenge to clinicians, and effective management hinges on establishing a correct diagnosis. This paper examines terminology and regional anatomy as it pertains to functional and dysfunctional states of the temporomandibular joint and muscles of mastication. A review of the pathophysiology of the most common disorders is provided. Trends in evaluation, diagnosis, treatment, and research are presented.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome / etiology*
  • Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome / physiopathology*
  • Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome / therapy