An epidemic of dengue haemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome in Delhi: a clinical study

Ann Trop Paediatr. 1990;10(4):329-34. doi: 10.1080/02724936.1990.11747453.

Abstract

Twenty-four cases of dengue haemorrhagic fever/dengue shock syndrome were studied in Delhi in the months of September and October, 1988. The majority of these cases were boys aged 6-10 years. Classical symptoms of dengue (fever, headache, aesthesia, myalgia) occurred in all the patients. Digestive symptoms (nausea, vomiting, anorexia, abdominal pain and hepatomegaly) were also common. Haemorrhagic manifestations were present in 41.7% of the cases. Of these, 90% had gastrointestinal haemorrhages. Shock occurred in 17 cases (70.8%). Thrombocytopenia and prolongation of coagulation profile were found in 62.5% of cases. Three patients (12.5%) who presented with encephalopathy died. The other 21 patients recovered after an average period of 2-8 days.

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Dengue / complications
  • Dengue / diagnosis*
  • Dengue / epidemiology*
  • Dengue / therapy
  • Disease Outbreaks*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • India / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Serologic Tests
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Shock / etiology
  • Shock / therapy