Comparison between Holstein cow's milk and Japanese-Saanen goat's milk in fatty acid composition, lipid digestibility and protein profile

Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2006 Nov;70(11):2771-4. doi: 10.1271/bbb.60267. Epub 2006 Nov 7.


The fatty acid composition, the lipid digestibility and protein profile of Japanese-Saanen goat's milk were characterized. Caprine milk contained substantial quantities of C(4:0) to C(10:0) fatty acids as compared with Holstein cow's milk. The lipids of the former showed significantly higher digestibility in vitro by porcine lipase than those of the latter (P<0.05). As determined by SDS-PAGE, the respective contents of alpha(s1)-casein, one of the major allergens, were 3.9% and 33.7% in caprine and bovine milk.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cattle
  • Fatty Acids / metabolism*
  • Goats
  • Lipid Metabolism*
  • Milk / metabolism*
  • Milk Proteins / metabolism*


  • Fatty Acids
  • Milk Proteins