An extract of the medicinal mushroom Agaricus blazei Murill differentially stimulates production of pro-inflammatory cytokines in human monocytes and human vein endothelial cells in vitro

Inflammation. 2005 Dec;29(4-6):147-53. doi: 10.1007/s10753-006-9010-2.


An extract of the edible mushroom Agaricus blazei Murill (AbM) has known antitumor and anti-infection properties, probably mainly by stimulating mononuclear phagocytes of the native immune system. The aim of this work was to study the effect of AbM on the production by human monocytes and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (EC) of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1beta, IL-6, IL-8, TNFalpha), the anti-inflammatory/T regulatory cytokine IL-10 and the pro-Th1 cytokine IL-12. AbM, in concentrations from 1-15%, induced a considerable and dose-dependent increase in production of IL-8, IL-6, TNFalpha and IL-1beta in monocyte cultures. The biosynthesis reached a plateau at a concentration of 10% of AbM, and was most pronounced for the three former cytokines. AbM did also dose-dependently stimulate EC production of IL-8,I L-6 and TNFalpha, but at lower levels compared with the monocytes. AbM did neither induce synthesis of cytokines IL-10 nor IL-12 in monocytes or EC. Our results demonstrate the differential effect of AbM stimulation on the magnitude of pro-inflammatory cytokines produced by monocytes and EC.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Agaricus / chemistry*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cytokines / biosynthesis*
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Endothelial Cells / cytology
  • Endothelial Cells / drug effects
  • Endothelial Cells / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Inflammation Mediators / metabolism*
  • Interleukin-10 / metabolism
  • Interleukin-12 / metabolism
  • Monocytes / cytology
  • Monocytes / drug effects
  • Monocytes / metabolism*
  • Plant Extracts / administration & dosage
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology*
  • Umbilical Veins / cytology
  • Umbilical Veins / drug effects
  • Umbilical Veins / metabolism*


  • Cytokines
  • Inflammation Mediators
  • Plant Extracts
  • Interleukin-10
  • Interleukin-12