Dietary assessment of a population of pregnant women in Sheffield, UK

Br J Nutr. 2006 Nov;96(5):929-35. doi: 10.1017/bjn20061945.


The present study examined the dietary intakes of a population of pregnant women living in the North of England. The objectives of the paper were to assess and describe the dietary intakes of the population and relate the findings to existing data on the diet of pregnant and non-pregnant women in the UK. A total of 250 pregnant women attending their first antenatal appointment at the Jessop Wing Hospital, Sheffield, UK were recruited. Information on their diet was assessed by an interviewer-administered semi-quantified food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). The mean intakes as assessed by the FFQ were similar to other studies of UK pregnant population; however Sheffield pregnant women had lower intakes of calcium and folate. Study findings were also related to the National Diet and Nutrition Survey and to the Estimated Nutrient Intakes (EAR). Of the study participants, 40 % did not meet the EAR for calcium, 67 % for iron and 69 % for folate. Subgroup comparisons suggested lower nutrient intakes of participants living in the 40 % most deprived electoral wards. The study findings suggest that the diet of pregnant women in Sheffield is characterised by low intakes of important nutrients for pregnancy such as folate and nutrient variations by electoral wards.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Calcium, Dietary / administration & dosage
  • Diet*
  • Energy Intake
  • England / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Folic Acid / administration & dosage
  • Food
  • Humans
  • Iron, Dietary / administration & dosage
  • Micronutrients / administration & dosage
  • Nutrition Assessment
  • Nutritional Requirements
  • Poverty
  • Pregnancy*
  • Psychosocial Deprivation


  • Calcium, Dietary
  • Iron, Dietary
  • Micronutrients
  • Folic Acid