Resistance to amphotericin B: emerging clinical and microbiological patterns

Drug Resist Updat. 1998;1(3):161-5. doi: 10.1016/s1368-7646(98)80034-4.


There has been an increasing number of reports of clinically significant amphotericin B (AmB) resistance in fungal pathogens, including Candida albicans. Concomitantly, advances in antifungal susceptibility testing have led to an improved correlation between microbiologic and clinical failure. Reports of AmB resistance, correlation of results and in vitro/in vivo correlations, mechanisms of resistance, and the transmission of resistant isolates within confined environments are reviewed. Recommendations are given regarding the clinical settings in which AmB susceptibility testing should be considered.