The lack of genetic association of the Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) Arg753Gln and Arg677Trp polymorphisms with rheumatic heart disease

Clin Rheumatol. 2007 Jun;26(6):915-9. doi: 10.1007/s10067-006-0432-x. Epub 2006 Nov 10.

Abstract

Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) is a non-suppurative inflammatory disease after group A, beta haemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis. Certain individuals can develop ARF. This finding implies variability in host predisposition to ARF. A variety of studies have linked specific genetic markers with ARF or rheumatic heart disease (RHD) as a sequelae of ARF. For this purpose, we aimed to search the role of polymorphisms in Toll-like receptor-2 and -4 (TLR2 and TLR4) gene in Turkish patients with RHD. This study included a total 84 patients with RHD, ages ranging between 18 and 65, 25 male and 59 female, fulfilling the revised classification criteria of Jones. One hundred forty healthy unrelated persons were selected as a control group. Genotype analysis: DNA was extracted from whole blood. TLR4 gene (Asp 299Gly and Thr399Ile) and TLR2 gene (Arg753Gln and Arg677Trp) polymorphisms were genotyped by the previously reported method.

Statistical analysis: binary logistic regression models were used. Results were expressed as odds ratios (OR) with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). Significant level was predefined at 0.05. There was a significant difference for carrying Ile allele in the 399 position in the patients compared to healthy controls (OR = 5.26, 95% CI, 1.40-19.73, p = 0.014). In the TLR4 gene, Asp 299Gly polymorphism did not reach to a statistically significant value (OR = 3.02). We found no Arg753Gln polymorphism of the TLR2 gene in the patient group. There were three heterozygote samples in the healthy group. We did not detect Arg677Trp polymorphism of the TLR2 gene in both patient and control groups.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Female
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Odds Ratio
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide / genetics*
  • Rheumatic Heart Disease / ethnology
  • Rheumatic Heart Disease / genetics*
  • Toll-Like Receptor 2 / genetics*
  • Toll-Like Receptor 4 / genetics
  • Turkey

Substances

  • TLR2 protein, human
  • TLR4 protein, human
  • Toll-Like Receptor 2
  • Toll-Like Receptor 4