Where should one search when confronted with outbreaks of nosocomial infection?

Am J Infect Control. 2006 Nov;34(9):603-5. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2006.01.014.


The outbreak database (http://www.outbreak-database.com), containing 1561 records of nosocomial outbreaks published in the medical literature in a systematic format, was used to identify the most frequent outbreak sources for the entire database as well as for specific outbreak pathogens. Overall, in 37.1%, no source was identified. The main sources identified were index patients (40.3%), followed by equipment and devices (21.1%), environment (19.8%), and personnel (15.8%).

MeSH terms

  • Cross Infection / epidemiology*
  • Cross Infection / microbiology
  • Cross Infection / prevention & control
  • Databases, Bibliographic*
  • Disease Outbreaks / prevention & control
  • Disease Outbreaks / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Infection Control / statistics & numerical data*
  • Risk Factors