Repetitive stress and strain injuries: preventive exercises for the musician

Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2006 Nov;17(4):827-42. doi: 10.1016/j.pmr.2006.07.005.


There are many articles that support stretching, strengthening, good nutrition, hydration, rest, and ergonomics along with many other concepts that may be helpful in preventing repetitive stress injuries. The most conclusive literature proposes early recognition of onset symptoms, and immediate reduction or cessation of the casual activity. This is not well accepted by the musician, because this means an interruption of practice and performance. Just like any worker or athlete at risk for RSI, however, the musician must learn to recognise early signs and take the steps to limit damage to muscular and neural tissues. More studies are needed to provide evidence for effective treatment and prevention of RSI.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cumulative Trauma Disorders / physiopathology
  • Cumulative Trauma Disorders / prevention & control*
  • Humans
  • Life Style
  • Muscle Strength
  • Muscle Stretching Exercises*
  • Music*
  • Occupational Diseases / physiopathology
  • Occupational Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Posture
  • Range of Motion, Articular
  • Shoulder Joint / physiopathology