The clinical toxicity profile of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) targeting angiogenesis inhibitors; a review

Eur J Cancer. 2006 Dec;42(18):3127-39. doi: 10.1016/j.ejca.2006.09.015. Epub 2006 Nov 13.

Abstract

Clinical experience with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) targeting angiogenesis inhibitors is rapidly increasing, and some compounds have already been approved for regular anticancer treatment. Apart from their activity, much attention has been focussed on the clinical toxicity profile of these compounds. This review describes the most frequently occurring side-effects of both antibodies and tyrosine kinase inhibitors and discusses some of the underlying mechanisms. Some practical guidelines for treatment of the side-effects are given.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors / adverse effects*
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / adverse effects
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized
  • Bevacizumab
  • Humans
  • Neoplasms / blood supply*
  • Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic / prevention & control*
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors / adverse effects
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / adverse effects*

Substances

  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
  • Bevacizumab
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor