GSK3 at the edge: regulation of developmental specification and cell polarization

Curr Drug Targets. 2006 Nov;7(11):1411-9. doi: 10.2174/1389450110607011411.


GSK3 is a multifunctional protein kinase that is pivotal for the regulation of metabolism, the cytoskeleton, and gene expression. Multicellular eukaryotes utilize GSK3 as a molecular switch to specify distinct cell fates, but also to organize these cells spatially within the developing organism. We discuss the central role of GSK3 in control of the Wnt, Hedgehog, cAMP (in Dictyostelium), and other signaling pathways, but also focus on significant new evidence that GSK3 is required to establish cell polarity.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Differentiation / physiology*
  • Cell Polarity / physiology*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental / physiology*
  • Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Signal Transduction / physiology


  • Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3