A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of fluticasone propionate for pediatric eosinophilic esophagitis

Gastroenterology. 2006 Nov;131(5):1381-91. doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2006.08.033. Epub 2006 Aug 16.


Background & aims: Eosinophilic esophagitis is an increasingly recognized disorder with distinctive endoscopic, histologic, and allergic features. Although several therapies are advocated, no placebo-controlled trials have been conducted. We aimed to determine the efficacy of swallowed fluticasone propionate (FP) in the treatment of eosinophilic esophagitis.

Methods: We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of swallowed FP in pediatric patients with active eosinophilic esophagitis. Thirty-six patients were randomly assigned to receive either 880 mug of FP (21 patients) or placebo (15 patients) divided twice daily for 3 months. The primary end point was histologic remission, defined by a peak eosinophil count of </=1 eosinophil in all 400x fields in both the proximal and distal esophagus.

Results: Fifty percent of FP-treated patients achieved histologic remission compared with 9% of patients receiving placebo (P = .047). FP decreased esophageal eosinophil levels, with a more pronounced effect in nonallergic individuals (65.9 +/- 25.3 vs 1.4 +/- 1.1 eosinophils/high-power field in the proximal esophagus [P = .03] and 84.6 +/- 19.7 vs 19.6 +/- 12.9 eosinophils/high-power field in the distal esophagus [P = .04]). Resolution of vomiting occurred more frequently with FP than placebo (67% vs 27%; P = .04). FP-induced resolution of mucosal eosinophilia was associated with resolution of endoscopic findings, epithelial hyperplasia, younger age (P = .0003), shorter height (P = .002), and lighter weight (P = .02). Effective treatment with FP decreased the number of CD8(+) T lymphocytes and mast cells in both the proximal and distal esophagus (P < .05).

Conclusions: Swallowed FP is effective in inducing histologic remission in eosinophilic esophagitis, with a more pronounced effect in nonallergic and younger individuals, especially in the proximal esophagus.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Age Factors
  • Androstadienes / therapeutic use*
  • Body Height
  • Body Weight
  • CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes / immunology
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Eosinophilia / drug therapy*
  • Eosinophilia / immunology
  • Eosinophilia / pathology
  • Esophagitis / drug therapy*
  • Esophagitis / immunology
  • Esophagitis / pathology
  • Female
  • Fluticasone
  • Humans
  • Hyperplasia
  • Infant
  • Male


  • Androstadienes
  • Fluticasone