Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Review
. 1991;180:108-12.
doi: 10.3109/00365529109093186.

Aspects of the Regulation of Gastric Histamine Release

Affiliations
Review

Aspects of the Regulation of Gastric Histamine Release

A K Sandvik et al. Scand J Gastroenterol Suppl. .

Abstract

Histamine is found in large amounts in the gastric mucosa and plays an essential role in the regulation of acid secretion. It is thought to stimulate acid secretion directly after being released by the other two major secretagogues (gastrin and acetylcholine) (the mediator hypothesis) or to potentiate the action of the other two secretagogues (the interaction hypothesis). Recent studies with isolated, vascularly perfused rat stomach have shown that gastrin in physiologic concentrations elicits a release of histamine sufficient to explain its acid-stimulatory effect. Vagal nerve stimulation, on the other hand, only gives a faint histamine release, indicating that the vagal acid stimulation is mainly mediated by a direct stimulation of the parietal cell. Furthermore, the gastrin-stimulated histamine release seems to be mediated by a calcium-dependent mechanism. Somatostatin inhibits gastrin-stimulated histamine release via a paracrine mechanism, and a prostaglandin E1 analogue (misoprostol) has been shown to be a potent inhibitor of base-line and gastrin-stimulated histamine release. These studies show that the modulation of histamine release may be a central regulatory mechanism of gastric acid secretion. Although these studies have been done in rats, there are indications that these results are of a general nature nd valid for other species as well.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 2 articles

Feedback