Verbal and Visuospatial Short-Term and Working Memory in Children: Are They Separable?

Child Dev. Nov-Dec 2006;77(6):1698-716. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2006.00968.x.

Abstract

This study explored the structure of verbal and visuospatial short-term and working memory in children between ages 4 and 11 years. Multiple tasks measuring 4 different memory components were used to capture the cognitive processes underlying working memory. Confirmatory factor analyses indicated that the processing component of working memory tasks was supported by a common resource pool, while storage aspects depend on domain-specific verbal and visuospatial resources. This model is largely stable across this developmental period, although some evidence exists that the links between the domain-specific visuospatial construct and the domain-general processing construct were higher in the 4- to- 6-year age group. The data also suggest that all working memory components are in place by 4 years of age.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Child Development
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cognition
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Memory, Short-Term*
  • Space Perception*
  • Verbal Behavior*
  • Visual Perception*