Utility of a Web-based intervention for individuals with type 2 diabetes: the impact on physical activity levels and glycemic control

Comput Inform Nurs. Nov-Dec 2006;24(6):337-45. doi: 10.1097/00024665-200611000-00008.

Abstract

Despite the numerous benefits of physical activity for patients with diabetes, most healthcare providers in busy clinical settings rarely find time to counsel their patients about it. A Web-based program for healthcare providers can be used as an effective counseling tool, when strategies are outlined for specific stages of readiness for physical activity. Seventy-three adults with type 2 diabetes were randomly assigned to Web-based intervention, printed-material intervention, or usual care. After 12 weeks, the effects of the interventions on physical activity, fasting blood sugar, and glycosylated hemoglobin were evaluated. Both Web-based and printed material intervention, compared with usual care, were effective in increasing physical activity (P < .001) and decreasing fasting blood sugar (P<.01) and glycosylated hemoglobin (P < .01). Post hoc analysis for change scores indicated significant differences between Web-based intervention and usual care and between printed material intervention and usual care, but not between web-based and printed material intervention. The findings of this study support the value of Web-based and printed material interventions in healthcare counseling. With increasing Web access, the effectiveness of Web-based programs offered directly to patients needs to be tested.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Analysis of Variance
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Computer-Assisted Instruction / methods*
  • Counseling / organization & administration*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / metabolism
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / prevention & control*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / psychology
  • Exercise / psychology
  • Fasting
  • Female
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Internet / organization & administration*
  • Korea
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Psychological
  • Motivation
  • Nursing Evaluation Research
  • Pamphlets
  • Patient Education as Topic / organization & administration*
  • Program Evaluation
  • Self Efficacy
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Teaching Materials / standards

Substances

  • Blood Glucose
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A