Conditional stimulation of type V and VI adenylyl cyclases by G protein betagamma subunits

J Biol Chem. 2007 Jan 5;282(1):294-302. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M607522200. Epub 2006 Nov 16.


In a yeast two-hybrid screen of mouse brain cDNA library, using the N-terminal region of human type V adenylyl cyclase (hACV) as bait, we identified G protein beta2 subunit as an interacting partner. Additional yeast two-hybrid assays showed that the Gbeta(1) subunit also interacts with the N-terminal segments of hACV and human type VI adenylyl cyclase (hACVI). In vitro adenylyl cyclase (AC) activity assays using membranes of Sf9 cells expressing hACV or hACVI showed that Gbetagamma subunits enhance the activity of these enzymes provided either Galpha(s) or forskolin is present. Deletion of residues 77-151, but not 1-76, in the N-terminal region of hACVI obliterated the ability of Gbetagamma subunits to conditionally stimulate the enzyme. Likewise, activities of the recombinant, engineered, soluble forms of ACV and ACVI, which lack the N termini, were not enhanced by Gbetagamma subunits. Transfection of the C terminus of G protein receptor kinase 2 to sequester endogenous Gbetagamma subunits attenuated the ability of isoproterenol to increase cAMP accumulation in COS-7 cells overexpressing hACVI even when G(i) was inactivated by pertussis toxin. Therefore, we conclude that the N termini of human hACV and hACVI are necessary for interactions with, and regulation by, Gbetagamma subunits both in vitro and in intact cells. Moreover, Gbetagamma subunits derived from a source(s) other than G(i) are necessary for the full activation of hACVI by isoproterenol in intact cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adenylyl Cyclases / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Brain / metabolism
  • COS Cells
  • Chlorocebus aethiops
  • Dogs
  • GTP-Binding Protein beta Subunits / metabolism*
  • GTP-Binding Protein gamma Subunits / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Insecta
  • Isoenzymes / metabolism*
  • Mice
  • Pertussis Toxin / chemistry
  • Rats
  • Two-Hybrid System Techniques


  • GTP-Binding Protein beta Subunits
  • GTP-Binding Protein gamma Subunits
  • Isoenzymes
  • Pertussis Toxin
  • Adenylyl Cyclases
  • adenylyl cyclase 6
  • adenylyl cyclase type V