Genetic and epigenetic risks of intracytoplasmic sperm injection method

Asian J Androl. 2006 Nov;8(6):643-73. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-7262.2006.00231.x.


Pregnancies achieved by assisted reproduction technologies, particularly by intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) procedures, are susceptible to genetic risks inherent to the male population treated with ICSI and additional risks inherent to this innovative procedure. The documented, as well as the theoretical, risks are discussed in the present review study. These risks mainly represent that consequences of the genetic abnormalities underlying male subfertility (or infertility) and might become stimulators for the development of novel approaches and applications in the treatment of infertility. In addition, risks with a polygenic background appearing at birth as congenital anomalies and other theoretical or stochastic risks are discussed. Recent data suggest that assisted reproductive technology might also affect epigenetic characteristics of the male gamete, the female gamete, or might have an impact on early embryogenesis. It might be also associated with an increased risk for genomic imprinting abnormalities.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Child, Preschool
  • Chromosome Aberrations
  • Chromosome Deletion
  • Congenital Abnormalities / genetics
  • Epigenesis, Genetic*
  • Female
  • Genomic Imprinting
  • HIV Infections / transmission
  • Haploidy
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical
  • Infertility, Male / genetics*
  • Klinefelter Syndrome / genetics
  • Male
  • Pregnancy
  • Preimplantation Diagnosis
  • Risk
  • Sex Chromosome Aberrations
  • Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic / adverse effects*
  • Spermatogenesis / genetics
  • Translocation, Genetic / genetics
  • X Chromosome / genetics
  • XYY Karyotype / genetics