Inhibitory effect of acyclic retinoid (polyprenoic acid) on the secretion of alpha-fetoprotein in CCl4-treated rats

J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). 1990 Oct;36(5):437-46. doi: 10.3177/jnsv.36.437.


A study was conducted to examine the inhibitory effect of acyclic retinoid (polyprenoic acid) on the secretion of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) in rats with chronic liver damage induced by CCl4. Oral administration of the compound brought about a significant reduction of serum AFP levels at the time when liver cirrhosis was formed. Acyclic retinoid also decreased the activities of serum aminotransferases and ornithine carbamyl transferase, while it increased serum albumin levels, demonstrating the reduction of hepatic parenchymal damage. Significant negative correlation was observed between serum AFP and albumin levels. This cytoprotective effect of the retinoid on the parenchymal cell may well be related to the inhibition of the synthesis and/or secretion of AFP. No significant side effect was observed, despite a long-term administration of the compound. The present finding will provide a potential scope for the future use of acyclic retinoid for the treatment of chronic liver damage.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Carbon Tetrachloride Poisoning / metabolism
  • Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury
  • Liver / drug effects
  • Liver Diseases / metabolism*
  • Liver Diseases / pathology
  • Male
  • Ornithine Carbamoyltransferase / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Serum Albumin / metabolism
  • Tretinoin / analogs & derivatives*
  • Tretinoin / pharmacology
  • alpha-Fetoproteins / metabolism*


  • Serum Albumin
  • alpha-Fetoproteins
  • Tretinoin
  • 3,7,11,15-tetramethyl-2,4,6,10,14-hexadecapentaenoic acid
  • Ornithine Carbamoyltransferase