Recurrent lymphangioleiomyomatosis after living-donor lobar lung transplantation

Transplant Proc. 2006 Nov;38(9):3151-3. doi: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2006.08.145.


Living-donor lobar lung transplantation (LDLLT) has been applied to patients with various end-stage lung diseases. The recurrence of pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) after lung transplantation has been rarely reported. Herein, we report a case of recurrent pulmonary LAM after LDLLT. A 24-year-old woman presented with pneumothorax and infiltrates in the left lung 1 year after bilateral LDLLT for LAM. These symptoms and radiologic findings occurred repeatedly and then improved quickly. Thereafter, computed tomography of the chest revealed a tiny emphysematous change of the subpleural region in the left lung, which was exacerbated gradually and was finally diagnosed as LAM recurrence by transbronchial lung biopsy. In previous reports of LAM recurrence, the diagnosis was made at the time of autopsy. This is also the first reported case diagnosed early, that is, when the patient was alive and her allograft had not deteriorated badly.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Living Donors
  • Lung Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Lung Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Lung Transplantation*
  • Lymphangioleiomyomatosis / diagnostic imaging
  • Lymphangioleiomyomatosis / surgery*
  • Recurrence
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed