Overexpression of cyclin D1 and cortactin is primarily independent of gene amplification in salivary gland adenoid cystic carcinoma

Oral Oncol. 2007 Sep;43(8):735-41. doi: 10.1016/j.oraloncology.2006.09.007. Epub 2006 Nov 17.


Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) of the salivary glands exhibits persistent growth, invasion and metastasis. Chromosome 11q13 amplification is a frequent event associated with tumor progression in a number of carcinomas and is associated with poor prognosis. Two genes within the 11q13 amplicon that are overexpressed as a result of 11q13 amplification are the cell cycle regulatory protein cyclin D1 (CCND1) and cortactin (CTTN), a protein involved cell motility and invasion. To determine the expression and gene status of cyclin D1 and cortactin in ACC, we evaluated 39 ACC cases by immunohistochemistry (IHC) for cyclin D1 and cortactin expression. Amplification of CCND1 and CTTN was determined by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). Cyclin D1 overexpression was present in 90% (35/39) and cortactin expression in 62% (24/39) of evaluated cases, although CCND1 and CTTN levels were elevated in only two cases (5%) as determined by FISH. Our results indicate that chromosome 11q13 amplification is uncommon in ACC, but that cyclin D1 and cortactin are frequently overexpressed and may therefore contribute to the growth and invasive potential of ACC.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / genetics
  • Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / metabolism*
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 / genetics
  • Cortactin / genetics
  • Cortactin / metabolism*
  • Cyclin D1 / genetics
  • Cyclin D1 / metabolism*
  • Female
  • Gene Amplification
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Proteins / genetics
  • Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Salivary Gland Neoplasms / genetics
  • Salivary Gland Neoplasms / metabolism*


  • CTTN protein, human
  • Cortactin
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Cyclin D1