The aim of the present study was to look at the long-term efficacy and side effects profiles of pramipexole in a large cohort of drug naïve patients with regard to dopaminergic medications. In all, 195 consecutive restless legs syndrome (RLS) patients who were prescribed pramipexole more than 1 year previously, agreed to undergo a telephone interview to assess both the efficacy and side effects of pramipexole. Forty-three patients had discontinued pramipexole: 20 because of side effects, six because of a lack of efficacy, six for both and 11 for other reasons. Patients who continued pramipexole for more than 1 year (n = 152) reported a mean decrease in RLS symptoms severity of 80.9% (SD = 19.6%). At the onset of treatment, the most common side effects were nausea (30%), tiredness (9%), dizziness (8%), headache (4%), insomnia (3%), dry mouth (2%), difficulty to concentrate (1.3%) and sleepiness (0.7%), At 30 months, most patients (n = 124/152; 81.6%) reported an absence of side effects of pramipexole. None of the adverse effects occurred in more than 5% of patients at follow-up. The present study confirms, in a large cohort of unselected patients, that pramipexole is effective and safe in the long-term treatment of RLS.