Psychiatr Clin North Am. 2006 Dec;29(4):969-87; abstract ix. doi: 10.1016/j.psc.2006.08.006.


Parasomnias are undesirable behaviors that arise from sleep but are not fully under voluntary control. Parasomnias are grouped broadly according to whether they arise from non-rapid eye movement (NREM) or rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. NREM parasomnias are disorders of arousal that occur along a continuum of behavioral, affective, and autonomic activation. REM-related parasomnias include REM sleep behavior disorder, sleep paralysis, and nightmare disorder. Parasomnias can often be managed successfully using behavioral and pharmacologic therapies.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arousal
  • Dreams
  • Feeding and Eating Disorders / physiopathology
  • Feeding and Eating Disorders / therapy
  • Humans
  • Sleep Stages / physiology
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / physiopathology*
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / therapy*