Profile of new cases of childhood leprosy in a hospital setting

Indian J Lepr. 2006 Jul-Sep;78(3):231-6.

Abstract

A hospital-based prospective study was carried out to assess the frequency of occurrence of leprosy in childhood. Out of 800 patients registered for leprosy, 67 (8.4%) were children aged 4-14 years. The male-to-female ratio was 2.5:1. Family history of leprosy was found in 14.9% of cases. The commonest type of leprosy was BT leprosy (35.8%), followed by BB leprosy (25.4%) and BL leprosy (19.4%). More than half of the patients had more than one lesion. Nerve involvement was noted in 70.1% of cases. Slit-skin smear was positive in 46.3% of cases. Out of 67 children, PB and MB regimens were given to 29 and 38 respectively.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Hospitalization
  • Humans
  • India / epidemiology
  • Leprosy / diagnosis
  • Leprosy / drug therapy
  • Leprosy / epidemiology
  • Leprosy / pathology*
  • Male
  • Mycobacterium leprae*
  • Prevalence
  • Prospective Studies