Intracranial pressure levels and single wave amplitudes, Glasgow Coma Score and Glasgow Outcome Score after subarachnoid haemorrhage

Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2006 Dec;148(12):1267-75; discussion 1275-6. doi: 10.1007/s00701-006-0908-0. Epub 2006 Nov 27.

Abstract

Object: To relate intracranial pressure (ICP) levels and single ICP wave amplitudes to the acute clinical state (Glasgow Coma Score, GCS) and final clinical outcome (Glasgow Outcome Score, GOS) in patients with subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH).

Methods: Twenty-seven consecutive patients with severe SAH had their ICP and arterial blood pressure (ABP) continuously monitored during days 1-6 after SAH. The acute clinical state could be assessed in 11 non-sedated cases using the Glasgow Coma Scale, while outcome was assessed in all cases after 6 months using the Glasgow Outcome Scale. The ICP/ABP recordings were stored as raw data files and analyzed retrospectively. For every consecutive 6 seconds time window, mean ICP, mean cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) and the mean ICP wave amplitude were computed.

Results: The GCS during days 1-6 after SAH was significantly related to the mean ICP wave amplitude, but not to the mean ICP or mean CPP. There was also a strong relationship between the mean ICP wave amplitude and GOS 6 months after SAH, with mean ICP wave amplitudes being significantly lower in those with moderate disability/good recovery, as compared with those with severe disability and death. Mean ICP was significantly higher in those who died than in the group with moderate disability/good recovery whereas mean CPP was not different between outcome groups.

Conclusions: In this small patient group the mean ICP wave amplitude during days 1-6 after SAH was related to the acute clinical state (GCS) as well as to the clinical outcome (GOS) 6 months after SAH. Similar relationships were not found for mean ICP or the mean CPP, except for a higher mean ICP in those who died than in those with moderate disability/good recovery.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Blood Pressure
  • Coma / diagnosis*
  • Coma / etiology
  • Coma / physiopathology
  • Disability Evaluation
  • Female
  • Glasgow Coma Scale*
  • Glasgow Outcome Scale*
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Hypertension / diagnosis*
  • Intracranial Hypertension / etiology
  • Intracranial Hypertension / physiopathology
  • Intracranial Pressure
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Monitoring, Physiologic / methods*
  • Monitoring, Physiologic / standards
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Prognosis
  • Recovery of Function / physiology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage / complications
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage / diagnosis*
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage / physiopathology